2 November 2011
United Nations –
is placed 156 out of 187 countries in a new UN study, which ranks countries on their education, income and life expectancy. Nigeria
The 2011 Human Development Index (HDI) released on Wednesday by the UN Development Programme (UNDP) put
Norway, Australia and the on the top three countries to live in. Netherlands
Nigeria placed 142 out of 169 a year ago, was listed among “least human development’’ countries in terms of wealth and low educational ranking.
However, the 2011 HDI covered a record 187 countries and territories, up from 169 in 2010 and according to the authors the 2011 country rankings “are therefore not comparable’’ to last years figures.
The 2011 report entitled “Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All’’, put Nigeria’s life expectancy at 51.9, below that of Libya 74, Mauritus 73.4, Gabon 62.7 and South Africa, 52.8.
The UN ranks a country’s life expectancy by the number of years a newborn infant could expect to live if prevailing pattern of age specific mortality rates at the time of birth stay the same throughout the infants life.
A country’s educational achievements is assessed by combining adult literacy rates along with enrolment in primary, secondary and university institutions.
On education, the index on
shows that the average number of years of schooling received by people’s ages 25 and older is 5.0. Nigeria
The report puts the highest possible years of schooling for a child in
at 8.9, if the prevailing patterns of age-specific enrolment rates persist throughout the child’s life. Nigeria
With a Gross national income (GNI) per capita of 2,069 dollars,
Nigeria lags behind countries like Equatorial Guinea (17,608 dollars), Botswana (13,049 dollars) and (12,249 dollars). Gabon
However the report shows
Nigeria to be among sub-Saharan Africa countries that recorded the highest average HDI improvement over the past decade of any region in the world.